J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Jul 21. pii: S1053-0770(18)30533-0. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2018.07.032. [Epub ahead of print]
Kirpekar MK, Silvay G, Augoustides JG, Castillo JG, Leong R, Sibbald R, Bainbridge D, Bishop CE, Fernando RJ, Morris B.
THE NOTION OF INFORMED medical consent relates to the bioethical principle of autonomy, the patient's right to make his or her own medical decisions, without coercion from others.(1, 2) This principle assumes (2) major factors: patient capacity and competence.(1, 2, 3) Minors may lack the capacity and competence to make their own medical decisions. Minors may have an inflated sense of risk and lack judgment in decision-making because of a multiple factors, including cognitive and psychosocial considerations.(2, 3) However, medical, ethical, and legal challenges arise when the minor in question is an adolescent on the cusp of adulthood.(1, 2, 3) To foster a better physician-patient relationship, medical decision-making of children and adolescents ideally should include not only the agreement of the guardian and physician, but also the assent of the minor patient.(2, 3)