Research Report

Patient Partner Program & Brown Bag Lunch Seminar Series

The CSFM patient partner program is up-and running. Please let us know if you would like to involve patient partners in your research. We have patient partners and funding to help DFM faculty involve patients in research project teams. To learn more, visit our website.

Dr. Evelyn Vingilis will present “COVID-19 and Road Safety: What Happened on Ontario Roads?” at the next Brown Bag seminar on October 18, 2023.  Contact Leslie Meredith if you would like to receive invitations to attend the informal, online, monthly seminar to learn about ongoing CSFM research.

Student Achievements

Congratulations to the following students on their successful thesis defenses:

Jennifer Xiao an epidemiology graduate student supervised by Drs. Maria Mathews, Tom Freeman, and Amanda Terry.  Jennifer’s thesis found that in the 2020 DFM post-graduate alumni survey, 60.8% of Western trainees described themselves as comprehensive doctors, 18.8% as focused doctors, 12.6% as both comprehensive AND focused doctors, and 7.8% as NEITHER comprehensive NOR focused doctors.

Gillian Young an epidemiology graduate student supervised by Drs. Maria Mathews and Bridget Ryan.  Gillian’s thesis found that the physician retention bonus programs introduced in 2003 and 2009 in Newfoundland and Labrador did not improve retention of family physicians and other specialists.

Megann Dong a health sciences graduate student supervised by Drs. Shannon Sibbald and Maria Mathews.  Megann’s thesis found that the approach to person-centred planning used by PHSS (a local organization in the community care sector) has positive impacts on the quality of life of persons-supported, staff empowerment, and community engagement.  

Approved Grant Funding

Title:Artificial Intelligence Solutions for Supporting and Strengthening the Primary Health Care Workforce

Granting Agency: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Planning and Dissemination Grant – Institute Community Support

Principal Investigator: Terry AL, Kueper J, Lizotte DJ

Co-Investigators: Ali S, Beleno R, Bhattacharyya O, Bjerre L, Brown JB, Cejic S, Crampton N, Garies S, Leger D, Mathews M, McKay S, Meyer M, Pinto A, Pottie K, Rayner J, Ryan BL, Stewart M, Thind A, Thompson K, Zavar A, Zwarenstein M

Funding Amount: $45,336

Grant Duration: 06/2023 – 05/2024


Title: Promoting Health Equity:  The Primary Care Diabetes Support Program

Granting Agency: London Community Foundation

Principal Investigator: Mathews M, Harris S

Funding Amount: $49,100

Grant Duration: 09/2023 – 08/2024

These funds will be used to describe the characteristics, service utilization and health outcomes of patients who are medically complex, unattached, and/or socially complex; as well as describe the ethnic diversity of the PCDSP patient population and examine characteristics, service utilization and health outcomes of patients from different ethnic groups.   

The project team is excited to have the opportunity to work with the London Community Foundation on this important area.



The following CSFM members were well received at the following events:

Congress Presentation, European Congress of Cardiology. Amsterdam NL. (August 25, 2023). “Insulin resistance without coexisting hyperglycaemia is not independently associated with cardiorespiratory fitness or its components in women”.  Rissanen AP., Rissanen J., Petrella RJ., et al.

Invited Speaker, Canadian Family Physician (CFP) Podcast: “Importance of Symptoms to the Practice of Family Medicine”. 2023 Jun 1. Dr. Nick Pimlott, Editor of CFP, hosted a discussion with Dr. Tom Freeman and Dr. Moira Stewart about the implications of paying greater attention to symptoms for patient care, research, and teaching.

 Invited Speaker, Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine SEM Fellowship Rounds. 2023 August. “Advocacy in Sport and Exercise Medicine”. Thornton J.  (virtual).

Oral Presentation, SYMPOSIUM presentation at the 83rd Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association (San Diego, June 23-26): “The epidemiology of severe hypoglycemia among older adults”.

Ratzki-Leewing A.

Poster Presentation, American Diabetes Association’s 83rd Scientific Sessions, June 2023, San Diego, California, USA. “High Incidences of Level 3 Severe Hypoglycemia Reported by T2DM Secretagogue-Users” (iNPHORM, USA). Ratzki-Leewing A, Black JE, Zou GY, Ryan BL, Harris SB.



Ali S, Thind A, Stranges S, Campbell MK, Sharma I. Investigating Health Inequality Using Trend, Decomposition and Spatial Analyses: A Study of Maternal Health Service Use in Nepal.

 Int J Public Health. 2023 Jun 2;68:1605457. doi: 10.3389/ijph.2023.1605457. eCollection 2023.

PMID: 37332772.

Ashcroft R, Feryn N, Lam S, Hussain A, Donnelly C, Mehta K, Rayner J, Sur D, Adamson K, Sheffield P, Brown JB. Social workers’ formal and informal leadership in interprofessional primary care teams in Ontario, Canada. Healthc Manage Forum, 2023 Jul 1, Coauthor, DOI: 10.1177/08404704231184582.

Blunt J, Avila L, Temple M, Thornton J. Exercise-induced deep vein thrombosis in the subclavian vein in an elite female athlete. BMJ Case Rep. 2023 Sep 4;16(9):e253751. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2022-253751. PMID: 37666570.

Buskard ANL, Petrella RJ. Resistance Training and Weight Loss in Older Adults: A Scoping Review.

Sports Med Open. 2023 Aug 1;9(1):67. doi: 10.1186/s40798-023-00613-4. PMID: 37526793.

Davenport MH, Khurana R, Thornton JS, McHugh TF. "It's going to affect our lives, our sport and our career": time to raise the bar for pregnant and postpartum athletes.

Br J Sports Med. 2023 Jul;57(14):893-894. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2023-107256. Epub 2023 Jun 30. PMID: 37399320 No abstract available.

Dewidar O, Bondok M, Abdelrazeq L, Aliyeva K, Solo K, Welch V, Brignardello-Petersen R, Mathew JL, Hazlewood G, Pottie K, Hartling L, Khalifa DS, Duda S, Falavigna M, Khabsa J, Lotfi T, Petkovic J, Elliot S, Chi Y, Parker R, Kristjansson E, Riddle A, Darzi AJ, Magwood O, Saad A, Rada G, Neumann I, Loeb M, Reveiz L, Mertz D, Piggott T, Turgeon AF, Schünemann H, Tugwell P. Equity issues rarely addressed in the development of COVID-19 formal recommendations and good practice statements: a cross-sectional study. J Clin Epidemiol. 2023 Aug 8:S0895-4356(23)00201-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2023.08.002. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37562727.

Edouard P, Nunes JP, Koral J, Thornton JS, Kemp JL, Gronwald T. Just start and keep training! What is the best resistance training prescription for strength and hypertrophy?

Br J Sports Med. 2023 Jul 5:bjsports-2023-107234. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2023-107234. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37407091 No abstract available.

Edwards J, Kurdyak P, Waddell C, Patten SB, Reid GJ, Campbell LA, Georgiades K. Surveillance of Child and Youth Mental Disorders and Associated Service Use in Canada. Can J Psychiatry. 2023 Jun 26:7067437231182059. doi: 10.1177/07067437231182059. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37357689.

Elliott SA, Scott SD, Charide R, Patterson-Stallwood L, Sayfi S, Motilall A, Baba A, Lotfi T, Suvada J, Klugar M, Kredo T, Mathew JL, Richards DP, Butcher NJ, Offringa M, Pottie K, Schünemann HJ, Hartling L.  A multimethods randomized trial found that plain language versions improved parents' understanding of health recommendations. J Clin Epidemiol. 2023 Jul 6;161:8-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2023.06.018. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37421995.

Hedden L, Spencer S, Allin S, Contandriopoulos D, Gavin F, Grudniewicz A, Lavergne MR, Leaver C, Lexchin J, McKay M, Mathews M, McCracken RK, McGrail K, Palmer KS, Poitras ME, Rudoler D, Spithoff S, Vanstone M. For health or for profit? Understanding how private financing and for-profit delivery operate within Canadian healthcare (4H|4P): protocol for a multimethod knowledge mobilisation research project. BMJ Open. 2023 Aug 21;13(8):e077783. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-077783. PMID: 37604630 Free article.

Lai KZH, Semnani-Azad Z, Boucher BA, Retnakaran R, Harris SB, Malik V, Bazinet RP, Hanley AJ. Association of serum very long-chain saturated fatty acids with changes in insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function: the PROspective Metabolism and Islet cell Evaluation (PROMISE) cohort.

Diabetes. 2023 Aug 16:db221050. doi: 10.2337/db22-1050. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37586083.

Law B, Chhatwal PK, Licskai C, Scurr T, Sibbald SL. Patient engagement in interprofessional team-based chronic disease management: A qualitative description of a Canadian program.

Patient Educ Couns. 2023 Sep;114:107836. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2023.107836. Epub 2023 Jun 3. PMID: 37336085.

Lukewich J, Mathews M, Poitras ME, Tranmer J, Martin-Misener R, Bryant-Lukosius D, Aubrey-Bassler K, Klassen T, Curnew D, Bulman D, Leamon T, Ryan D. Primary care nursing competencies in Canadian undergraduate nursing programs: A national cross-sectional survey.

Nurse Educ Pract. 2023 Aug 3;71:103738. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2023.103738. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37549469.

Marshall EG, Cook M, Moritz L, Buote R, Mathews M, Breton M. "A Band-Aid Solution": Policy Maker and Primary Care Provider Perspectives on the Value of Attachment Incentives.  Healthc Policy. 2023 May;18(4):106-119. doi: 10.12927/hcpol.2023.27090. PMID: 37486816 Free PMC article.

Marshall EG, Stock D, Buote R, Andrew MK, Breton M, Cossette B, Green ME, Isenor JE, Mathews M, MacKenzie A, Martin-Misener R, McDougall B, Mooney M, Moritz LR. Emergency department utilization and hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions among people seeking a primary care provider during the COVID-19 pandemic. CMAJ Open. 2023 Jun 20;11(3):E527-E536. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20220128. Print 2023 May-Jun. PMID: 37339790.

McInnes N, Hall S, Lochnan HA, Harris SB, Punthakee Z, Sigal RJ, Hramiak I, Azharuddin M, Liutkus JF, Yale JF, Sultan F, Smith A, Otto RE, Sherifali D, Liu YY, Gerstein HC; Diabetes remission and relapse following an intensive metabolic intervention combining insulin glargine/lixisenatide, metformin and lifestyle approaches: Results of a randomised controlled trial. REMIT-iGlarLixi Collaborative Group. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2023 Aug 14. doi: 10.1111/dom.15234. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37580972.

Menear M, et al. Among authors: Brown JB. Understanding the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the care experiences of people with mental-physical multimorbidity: protocol for a mixed methods study. BMC Prim Care. 2023. PMID: 37488515 Free PMC article.

Migliore A, Alekseeva L, Sachin R, Raveendhara RB, Petrella RJ, et al. Early Osteoarthritis Questionnaire (EOAQ): a tool to assess knee osteoarthritis at initial stage. Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 2023 Feb 25. 15:1-12. doi:10.1177/1759720X221131604.   PMID: 36860967.

Moore IS, Crossley KM, Bo K, Mountjoy M, Ackerman KE, Antero JDS, Sundgot Borgen J, Brown WJ, Bolling CS, Clarsen B, Derman W, Dijkstra P, Donaldson A, Elliott-Sale KJ, Emery CA, Haakstad L, Junge A, Mkumbuzi NS, Nimphius S, Palmer D, van Poppel M, Thornton JS, Tomás R, Zondi PC, Verhagen E. Female athlete health domains: a supplement to the International Olympic Committee consensus statement on methods for recording and reporting epidemiological data on injury and illness in sport. Br J Sports Med. 2023 Jun 22:bjsports-2022-106620. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2022-106620. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37349084.

Patti A, Thornton JS, Giustino V, Drid P, Paoli A, Schulz JM, Palma A, Bianco A. Effectiveness of Pilates exercise on low back pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Disabil Rehabil. 2023 Aug 26:1-14. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2023.2251404. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37632387.

Ratzki-Leewing AA, Black JE, Ryan BL, Zou G, Klar N, Webster-Bogaert S, Timcevska K, Harris SB. Development and validation of a real-world model to predict 1-year Level 3 (severe) hypoglycaemia risk in adults with diabetes (the iNPHORM study, United States).

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2023 Jul 6. doi: 10.1111/dom.15186. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37409569

Retnakaran R, Pu J, Emery A, Harris SB, Reichert SM, Gerstein HC, McInnes N, Kramer CK, Zinman B. Determinants of sustained stabilization of beta-cell function following short-term insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes. Nat Commun. 2023 Jul 27;14(1):4514. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-40287-w. PMID: 37500612 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.

Sarmiento C, Reid GJ. Accessing mental health walk-in clinics and other services for children and families. J Med Access. 2023 Jul 31; doi: 10.1177/27550834231186682. eCollection 2023 Jan-Dec. PMID: 37534052.

Stallwood L, Sammy A, Prebeg M, Relihan J, Baba A, Charide R, Sayfi S, Elliott SA, Hartling L, Munan M, Richards DP, Mathew JL, Kredo T, Mbuagbaw L, Motilall A, Scott SD, Klugar M, Lotfi T, Stevens AL, Pottie K, Schünemann HJ, Butcher NJ, Offringa M; RecMap Members. Plain Language vs Standard Format for Youth Understanding of COVID-19 Recommendations: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2023 Aug 7:e232686. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.2686. Online ahead of print. PMID: 37548983

Steinacker JM, van Mechelen W, Bloch W, Börjesson M, Casasco M, Wolfarth B, Knoke C, Papadopoulou T, Wendt J, Al Tunaiji H, Andresen D, Andrieieva O, Bachl N, Badtieva V, Beucher FJ, Blauwet CA, Casajus Mallen JA, Chang JH, Clénin G, Constantini N, Constantinou D, Di Luigi L, Declercq L, Doutreleau S, Drozdovska S, Duclos M, Ermolao A, Fischbach T, Fischer AN, Fossati C, Franchella J, Fulcher M, Galle JC, Gerloff C, Georgiades E, Gojanovic B, González Gross M, Grote A, Halle M, Hauner H, Herring MP, Hiura M, Holze K, Huber G, Hughes D, Hutchinson MR, Ionescu A, Janse van Rensburg DC, Jegier A, Jones N, Kappert-Gonther K, Kellerer M, Kimura Y, Kiopa A, Kladny B, Koch G, Kolle E, Kolt G, Koutedakis Y, Kress S, Kriemler S, Kröger J, Kuhn C, Laszlo R, Lehnert R, Lhuissier FJ, Lüdtke K, Makita S, Manonelles Marqueta P, März W, Micallef-Stafrace K, Miller M, Moore M, Müller E, Neunhäuserer D, Onur IR, Ööpik V, Perl M, Philippou A, Predel HG, Racinais S, Raslanas A, Reer R, Reinhardt K, Reinsberger C, Rozenstoka S, Sallis R, Sardinha LB, Scherer M, Schipperijn J, Seil R, Tan B, Schmidt-Trucksäss A, Schumacher N, Schwaab B, Schwirtz A, Suzuki M, Swart J, Tiesler R, Tippelt U, Tillet E,  See abstract for full author list ➔ Steinacker JM, et al. Among authors: Thornton J. Global Alliance for the Promotion of Physical Activity: the Hamburg Declaration. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2023 Jul 27;9(3):e001626. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2023-001626. eCollection 2023. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2023. PMID: 37533594.

Taglione MS, Brown JB. Primary care engagement in health system change: a scoping review of common barriers and effective strategies. BMC Prim Care. 2023 Aug 8;24(1):157. doi: 10.1186/s12875-023-02117-2. PMID: 37550639.

Tugwell P, Welch V, Magwood O, Todhunter-Brown A, Akl EA, Concannon TW, Khabsa J, Morley R, Schunemann H, Lytvyn L, Agarwal A, Antequera A, Avey MT, Campbell P, Chang C, Chang S, Dans L, Dewidar O, Ghersi D, Graham ID, Hazlewood G, Hilgart J, Horsley T, John D, Jull J, Maxwell LJ, McCutcheon C, Munn Z, Nonino F, Pardo Pardo J, Parker R, Pottie K, Rada G, Riddle A, Synnot A, Ghogomu ET, Tomlinson E, Toupin-April K, Petkovic J. Protocol for the development of guidance for collaborator and partner engagement in health care evidence syntheses. Syst Rev. 2023 Aug 2;12(1):134. doi: 10.1186/s13643-023-02279-1. PMID: 37533051.