Research Report

Research News

We are always interested in learning about new grants, publications, presentations, and other research activities. Please send your news and updates to Kim Champion 

Annual Events

The Trillium Primary Health Care Research Day was held in person at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre on October 14, 2022.  Members of the Department of Family Medicine presented their research via oral and poster sessions including topics focused on:  Family physician leaders: Evolving roles during the pandemic; A framework to support the progressive implementation of integrated team-based care for the management of COPD in primary care settings: A collective case study; Development of a multi-factorial data quality score for primary care electronic medical records; An intersectional approach to examining access to primary care; “…swamped with information…”: Family physicians and information management during the COVID-19 pandemic; Optimizing the role of social work in primary health care across Ontario.

In the Media

Dr. Kamila Premji, a PhD student in Family Medicine supervised by Dr. Bridget Ryan, has been featured in several articles and radio/television shows regarding her research findings, some of which are listed below. She was also a member of the Ontario COVID-19 Science Advisory Table and co-led the Science Brief on Primary Care Part 2 (citation below).


Dr. Amanda Terry, along with Co-Principal Investigators, Drs. Jacqueline Kueper and Dan Lizotte (Department Computer Science & Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics) were highlighted in the Western News regarding their findings from a study published in BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making; “Is primary health care ready for artificial intelligence? What do primary health care stakeholders say? 

Dr. Kueper also presented the findings from this study and the others in this series at Grand Rounds on October 5, 2022.

Grant Funding

Congratulations to the following Principal Investigators and research teams on their recent grant funding.

Title:  An Examination of Primary Care’s Role in Vaccination Efforts for COVID-19: Strengthening Ontario’s Capacity for Mass Vaccination
Granting Agency:  Association of Family Health Teams of Ontario (AFHTO), University of Toronto Scarborough. Pre-Tenure Faculty Research Award
Principal Investigator:  Ashcroft R
Co-Investigators:  Adamson K, Donnelly C, Brown JB, Community Partners: Mehta K, Gill S
Funding Amount:  $10,000
Grant Duration: 2022 Apr - 2023 Mar

Title:  Factors Influencing Family Physicians’ Decision-Making Process to Practice Comprehensive Care
Principal Investigator: Brown JB
Co-Investigators:  Terry AL, Ryan BL, Mathews M, Jan S, Bal S, Premji K
Granting Agency:  INSPIRE-PHC Applied Health Research Question (AHRQ)
Amount:  $45,000
Grant Duration:  2022 Aug – 2023 Mar

Title:  Knowledge Exchange of iNPHORM – Investigating Novel Predictions of Hypoglycemia Occurrence Using Real-Word Models
Principal Investigator: Harris SB
Granting Agency:  Sanofi Canada
Amount:   $96,970
Grant Duration:  2022 Oct - 2023 Sep

Title:  Research Engagement Collaborative Alliance with Partners (RECAP)
Granting Agency:  Western University, Strategic Priorities Fund
Principal Investigator:  Paquette-Warren J, Shoemaker K
Co-Investigators:   Hayward M, MacDermid J, Rushton A, Hofstetter C.
Collaborators:  Stewart M, Gosnell, Whalen N, Belfry S, Smye V
Funding Amount:  $500,000
Grant Duration:  2022 Oct - 2024 Sep

Conference Presentations

Dr. Stewart Harris presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes held September 20-23, 2022, in Stockholm, Sweden on “Real-world estimates of severe hypoglycemia and associated healthcare utilization in the US: Prospective, longitudinal results of the iNPHORM study”. 

Dr. Jane Thornton presented at the ACTIVE for Health Symposium held September 23-24, 2022, in London, Ontario on “Creating Active People: WHO GAPPA Objective 3”.  Dr. Thornton was also an invited lecturer at the Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic Homecoming Symposium where she gave a research update.


Carter B, Wootten J, Archie S, Terry AL, Anderson KK. Sex and gender differences in symptoms of early psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Women’s Mental Health. 2022 Aug; 25(4):679-691. doi: 10.1007/s00737-022-01247-3. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Harris SB, Idzik S, Boasso A, Neunie SQ, Noble AD, Such HE, Van J.  The Educational Impact of Online, Faculty-Led Continuing Medical Education Programs in Type 2 Diabetes: An Analysis of Changes in the Knowledge, Competence, and Performance of Healthcare Professionals. JMIR Med Educ. 2022 Oct 14;8(4):e40520.Doi: 10.2196/40520.

Howard M, Pfaff K, Sattler D, Dolovich L, Marshall D, Zwarenstein M, Upshur R.  Achieving holistic, quality-of-life focused care: description of a Compassion Care Community initiative in Canada.  Health Promot Int. 2022 Jun 1;37(3):daac067. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daac067.

Hramiak I, Gerstein HC, Leiter LA, Yale JF, Bajaj HS, Stewart J, Toutounji MJ, Harris SB.  Comparing a daily versus weekly titration algorithm in people with type 2 diabetes switching from basal insulin to iGlarLixi in the LixiLan ONE CAN randomized trial. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2022 Oct. 24(10):1998-2007. doi: 10.1111/dom.14787. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Kang HJ, Flores-Sandoval C, Law B, Sibbald S.  Interdisciplinary Health Care Evaluation Instruments: A Review of Psychometric Evidence.  Eval Health Prof. 2022 Sep;45(3):223-234. doi: 10.1177/01632787211040859. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Liang A, Cirone KD, Deng XD, Zwarenstein M.  The relationship between pragmatism, timing, and study size on impact of treatment trials: a qualitative, hypothesis generating study of systemic corticosteroids for COVID-19.  J Clin Epidemiol. 2022 Oct 6: S0895-4356(22)00239-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2022.09.018. Online ahead of print.

Mathews M, Ryan D, Hedden L, Lukewich J, Marshall EG, Brown JB, Gill PS, McKay M, Wong E, Wetmore SJ, Buote R, Meredith L, Moritz L, Spencer S, Alexiadis M, Freeman TR, Letto A, Ryan BL, Sibbald SL, Terry AL.  Family physician leadership during the COVID-19 pandemic: roles, functions and key supports. Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl). 2022 Jul 27; (ahead-of-print). doi: 10.1108/LHS-03-2022-0030.

McKenzie KNA, Comeau J, Reid GJ.  Examining the interactive association of family- and neighborhood-level socio-economic characteristics on children's sleep beyond the associations of residency and neighborhood violence.  Sleep Health. 2022 Aug 1:S2352-7218(22)00085-7. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2022.06.002. Online ahead of print.

Mkumbuzi NS, Zondi PC, Owoeye OBA, Thornton JS, Kemp J, Drezner J.  'We are not all in the same boat. We are in the same storm. Some are on super-yachts. Some have just the one oar.' How COVID-19 exaggerated global inequities in professional sport.  Br J Sports Med. 2022 Oct 6; bjsports-2022-106048. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2022-106048. Online ahead of print. No abstract available.

Nasir ZH, Mertz D, Nieuwlaat R, Santesso N, Lotfi T, Motilall A, Moja L, Mbuagbaw L, Klugar M, Turgeon AF, Mathew JL, Canelo-Aybar C, Pottie K, Dewidar O, Langendam MW, Iorio A, Vist GE, Meerpohl JJ, Flottorp S, Kredo T, Piggott T, Mathews M, Qaseem A, Chu DK, Tugwell P, Klugarová J, Nelson H, Hussein H, Suvada J, Neumann I, Schünemann HJ.  An evaluation of the COVID-19 recommendation map identified diverging clinical and public health guidance.  eCOVID-19 recommendations map Collaborators. J Clin Epidemiol. 2022 Jul; 147:83-94. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2022.03.008. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Percival A, Newton C, Mulligan K, Petrella RJ, Ashe MC.  Systematic review of social prescribing and older adults: where to from here? Fam Med Community Health. 2022 Oct; 10(Suppl 1):e001829. doi: 10.1136/fmch-2022-001829.

Sayfi S, Alayche I, Magwood O, Gassanov M, Motilall A, Dewidar O, Detambel N, Matthews M, Ahmed R, Schünemann HJ, Pottie K.  Identifying Health Equity Factors That Influence the Public’s Perception of COVID-19 Health Information and Recommendations: A Scoping Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Sep 23; 19(19):12073. doi: 10.3390/ijerph191912073.

Sibbald SL, Burnet ML, Callery B, Mitchell JI.  Building a virtual community of practice: experience from the Canadian foundation for healthcare improvement's policy circle.  Health Res Policy Syst. 2022 Sep 1; 20(1):95. doi: 10.1186/s12961-022-00897-0.

Sibbald SL, Kokorelias KM, Embuldeniya G, Wodchis WP.  Engagement of patient and family advisors in health system redesign in Canada.  J Health Serv Res Policy. 2022 Jul 2; 13558196221109056. doi: 10.1177/13558196221109056. Online ahead of print.

Spencer S; Hedden L; Vaughan C, Marshall EG, Lukewich J; Asghari S, Gill P, Buote RD, Meredith L, Moritz L, Ryan D, Mathews M.  “It was horrible for that community, but not for the way we had imagined”: A qualitative study of family physicians’ experiences working with communities experiencing marginalization during COVID-19. SSM Qual Res Health. 2022 Dec; 2:100176. doi: 10.1016/ j.ssmqr.2022.100176. Epub 2022 Sep 30.

Taljaard M, Nicholls SG, Howie AH, Nix HP, Carroll K, Moon PM, Nightingale NM, Giraudeau B, Hey SP, Eldridge SM, Weijer C, Zwarenstein M.  An analysis of published trials found that current use of pragmatic trial labels is uninformative.  J Clin Epidemiol. 2022 Aug 18; 151:113-121. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2022.08.007. Online ahead of print.

Terry AL, Stewart M, Ashcroft R, Brown JB, Burge F, Haggerty J, McWilliam C, Meredith L, Reid GJ, Thomas R, Wong ST; and the TUTOR-PHC Program Investigators/Mentors. Complex skills are required for new primary health care researchers: a training program responds. BMC Medical Education. 2022 Jul 22; 22(1):565. doi: 10.1186/s12909-022-03620-3.

Vaughan C, Lukewich J, Mathews M, Hedden L, Poitras ME, Asghari S, Swab M, Ryan D.  Nursing contributions to virtual models of care in primary care: a scoping review protocol.
BMJ Open. 2022 Sep 20; 12(9):e065779. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-065779.