Piotr Wilk, PhD

Piotr-Wilk_Image.jpg

Assistant Professor

P: 519.661.2111 ext: 89109
F: 519.661.3766
E-mail: pwilk3@uwo.ca

Appointments

Research Cluster Membership

Research Interests

Dr. Wilk’s research focuses on chronic disease surveillance and prevention and the links between environmental factors, social determinants of health, health-related modifiable behaviours, and health outcomes at the local, national and international level. In particular, he is interested in assessing the contribution of socioeconomic, behavioural and environmental risk factors to hospitalization for chronic disease using linked survey and administrative datasets.

Education

  • BSc Political Science
  • MSc Sociology
  • PhD Sociology

Current Research Grants

  • Frequent paediatric emergency department visits in Canada: Assessing the role of individual and environmental risk factors (Principal Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; 2023-2024; $73,884; Under review)
  • Exploring the relationship between high temperatures and cardiovascular disease-related morbidity and mortality: Differences across vulnerable groups and geographic areas in Canada (Principal Applicant; Heart & Stroke: Grant-in-Aid; 2023-2026; $239,826; Under review)
  • Childhood Antecedents to Youth Mental Disorders: A Birth-Cohort Study Using Population-Based Health Administrative Data (Co-Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Children’s Mental Health; 2022-2024; $84,456)
  • Monitoring inequities in the utilization of preventative services at the local decision-making level: developing a practical approach using cancer screening data in Ontario (Co-Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Catalyst Grant; 2022-2023; $99,919)
  • The Dementia Prevention Initiative: Advancing Population Prevention Solutions (APPS): Comprehensive mapping of Dementia and Related Disorders and Offering Cost-effective Solutions (Co-Investigator; Weston Brain Institute: Transformational Research: Canada Alzheimer’s & Related Diseases; 2021-2025; $1,391,666)
  • Climate Change-Related Health Inequalities in Canada: How Hot Temperatures Affect Vulnerable Groups Living in Large Urban Centres (Principal Applicant; Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Project Grant; 2020-2024; $489,600)
  • Longitudinal Effects of Neighbourhood Environmental Factors on Children’s Health: Development of the Paediatric Healthy Living Index for Southwestern Ontario (Principal Investigator; Children’s Health Research Institute: Scientist Innovation Grant; 2020-2022; $113,940)
  • Evaluation of a Smartphone Based Intervention for Improving Food Literacy, Food Purchasing, and Diet Quality Among Youth in Urban, Suburban, and Rural Environments (Co-Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Project Grant; 2018-2023; $684,674)

Publications (past 5 years)

  • Wilk P, Lau T, Maltby A, Gunz A C, Ali S, Lavigne É. “Geographic variation in emergency department visits in Ontario and Alberta: Assessing intra-and inter-urban variation.” BMC Health Services Research. Submitted for review.
  • Lavigne E, Maltby A, Côté J-N, Weinberger KR, Vicedo-Cabrera A M. Wilk P. “Extreme temperatures and emergency department visits related to mental and behavior disorders in Canada: assessing disparities by individual and environmental factors.” Environmental Research. Submitted for review.
  • Mulimba Were J, Stranges S, Wilk P, Ali S, Sharma I, Vargas-Gonzalez J C, Campbell K M. 2022. “The double burden of malnutrition among women of reproductive age and preschool children in low- and middle-income countries. A scoping review and thematic analysis of literature.” Journal of Nutrition. Submitted for review.
  • Spilsbury S, Wilk P, Taylor C, Prapavessis H, Mitchell M. 2022. “Paying people to be healthy: Limited time offer.” Nature Human Behaviour. doi: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-1723426/v1. Submitted for review.
  • Carter B, Loeschnik E, Yuan J, Wilk P. 2022. “Self-Perceived Weight and Weight Control Behaviours Among Adolescents with Anxiety and Mood Disorders.” Psychology of Sport & Exercise. Submitted for review.
  • Talukder C, Wilk P, Ali S, Stranges S. 2022. “Do Immigrants Use More Health Care than Non-immigrants? A Population-based Study among People living with Multimorbidity in Canada.” Journal of Travel Medicine. Revise and resubmit.
  • Singh S, Stranges S, Wilk P, Tang A, Frisbee S. 2022. “The influence of the social environment on ideal cardiovascular health." Journal of the American Heart Association. Revise and resubmit.
  • Anderson K, Rodrigues R, Nicholson K, Guaiana G, Wilk P, Stranges S. 2022 (August). “Sleep Problems and Psychological Well-being: Baseline Findings from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging.” Canadian Journal on Aging. Accepted.
  • Cicci KR, Maltby A, Clemens KK, Vicedo-Cabrera AM, Gunz AC, Lavigne É, Wilk P. 2022 (September). “High Temperatures and Cardiovascular-related Morbidity: A Scoping Review.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(18):11243. doi: 10.3390/ijerph191811243
  • Lau T, Maltby A, Ali S, Moran V, Wilk P. 2022 (August). “Does the Definition of Preventable Emergency Department Visit Matter? An Empirical Analysis using 20 Million Visits in Ontario and Alberta.” Academic Emergency Medicine, doi:10.1111/acem.14587
  • Im JHM, Rodrigues R, Anderson KK, Wilk P, Stranges S, Nicholson K. 2022 (August). “Examining the Prevalence and Correlates of Multimorbidity among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Cross-Sectional Evidence from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) First-Follow-Up Data.” Age and Ageing, 51(8). doi: 10.1093/ageing/afac165
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Lau T, Gunz AC, Osornio-Vargas A, Yamamoto S S, Ali S, Lavigne É. 2022 (July). “Geographic Inequalities in Pediatric Emergency Department Visits in Ontario and Alberta: A Multilevel Analysis of 2.5 million Visits.” BMC Pediatrics, 22:432. doi: 10.1186/s12887-022-03485-x
  • Hadwen B, He J, Funk C, McKinney K, Wilk P. 2022 (April). “Association between Accuracy of Weight Perception and Life Satisfaction among Adults with and without Anxiety and Mood Disorders: A Cross-sectional Study.” Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdac047
  • Alonzo R, Lalva T, Couper RG, Wilk P. 2022 (April). “Association between Physical Activity and Life Satisfaction among Adults with Multimorbidity in Canada.” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 113(4): 598-606. doi: 10.17269/s41997-022-00635-7
  • Hachinski V on behalf of the Dementia Prevention Initiative. 2022 (January). “The Comprehensive, Customized, Cost-effective Approach (CCCAP) to Prevention of Dementia.” Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 2022;1-4. doi: 10.1002/alz.12586
  • Wilk P, Stranges S, Bellocco R, Bohn T, Samouda H, Nicholson K, Makovski TT, Maltby A. 2021 (December). “Multimorbidity in Large Canadian Urban Centres between 2015 And 2018: A Multilevel Analysis of Between-Neighbourhood Differences.” Journal of Multimorbidity and Comorbidity, 11: 1-11. doi: 10.1177/26335565211058037
  • Clemens K, Ouedraogo A, Lam M, Muanda-Tsobo F, Loeschnik E, Wilk P, Shariff S. 2021 (December). “Trends in Basal Insulin Prescribing in Older Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease in Ontario, Canada: A Population-based Analysis from 2010 to 2020.” Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 2022;1–11. doi:10.1111/dom.14622
  • Avan A, Hachinski V, the Brain Health Learn and Act Group. 2021 (September). “Brain Health: Key to Health, Productivity, and Wellbeing.” Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 2021;1–12. doi: 10.1002/alz.12478
  • Nunez EC, Nunes SP, Khan A, Stranges S, Wilk P. 2021 (August). “Associations between Major Health Behaviors and Sleep Problems: Results from the 2015, 2016, 2017 Canadian Community Health Survey.” Behavioural Sleep Medicine, 29;1-14. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2021.1968402
  • Wilk P, Gunz A, Maltby A, Ravichakaravarthy T, Clemens K, Lavigne E, Lim R, Vicedo-Cabrera, A M. 2021 (August). “Extreme Heat and Paediatric Emergency Department Admissions in Southwestern Ontario.” Paediatrics & Child Health, 26(5): 305-309. doi: 10.1093/pch/pxaa096
  • Guy D, Kapr I, Wilk P, Chin J, Rodrigues G. 2021 (June). “Propensity Score Matching Versus Coarsened Exact Matching in Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research.” Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research, 10(11): 939-951. doi: 10.2217/cer-2021-0069
  • Nasreen S, Wilk P, Mullowney T, Karp I. 2021 (May). “The Effect of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on the Risk of Asthma in Offspring.” Annals of Epidemiology, 57: 7-13. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.003
  • Button B, Shah T I, Clark A F, Wilk P, Gilliland J. 2021 (February). “Examining Weather-Related Factors on Physical Activity Levels of Children from Rural Communities.” Canadian Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.17269/s41997-020-00324-3
  • Statler J, Wilk P, Tucker P. 2020 (December). “Habitual Physical Activity Levels and Sedentary Time of Children in Different Childcare Arrangements from a Nationally Representative Sample of Canadian Preschoolers.” Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9(6): 657-663. doi: 10.1016/j.jshs.2019.03.009
  • Wilk P, Richard L, Ouedraogo A, Garg A, Maltby A, Shariff S. 2020 (November). “Is Prosocial Behaviour Associated with Increased Registration for Deceased Organ Donation? A Cross-Sectional Study of Ontario, Canada.” Transplantation Direct, 6(12): e631. doi: 10.1097/TXD.0000000000001087
  • Nicholson K, Rodrigues R, Anderson K, Wilk P, Guaiana G, Stranges S. 2020 (November). “Sleep Behaviours and Multimorbidity Occurrence in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: Findings from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging.” Sleep Medicine, 75(November 2020): 156-162. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2020.07.002
  • Wilk P, Stranges S, Maltby A. 2020 (October). “Geographic Variation in Short Sleep Duration and Poor Sleep Quality: A Multilevel Analysis Using the 2015-2018 Canadian Community Health Survey.” Sleep Health Journal. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2020.02.018
  • Wilk P, Ali S, Anderson K, Clark A, Cooke M, Frisbee S, Gilliland J, Haan M, Harris S, Kiarasi S, Maltby A, Norozi K, Petrella R, Sarma S, Singh S, Stranges S, Thind A. 2020 (May). “Geographic Variation in Preventable Hospitalizations in Canada: A Cross-Sectional Study.” BMJ Open. 10:e037195. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2020-037195
  • Irwin B, Speechley MR, Wilk P, Clark A, Gilliland J. 2020 (April). “Promoting Healthy Beverage Consumption Habits Among Elementary School Children: Results of the Healthy Kids Community Challenge ‘Water Does Wonders’ Interventions in London, Ontario.” Canadian Journal of Public Health. doi:10.17269/s41997-019-00262-9
  • El-Aloul B, Speechley K, Wei YS, Wilk P, Campbell C. 2020 (February). “Fatigue in Young People with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 62(2): 245-251. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.14248
  • Nasreen S, Wilk P, Mullowney T, Karp I. 2020 (January). “Age, Period and Cohort Effects on Asthma prevalence in Canadian Adults, 1994–2011.” Annals of Epidemiology, 41:(49-55). doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.11.005
  • Smith C, Clark AF, Wilk P, Tucker P, Gilliland JA. 2020 (January). “Assessing the Effectiveness of a Naturally-Occurring Population-Level Physical Activity Intervention for Children.” Public Health, 178: 62-71. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.08.022
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M, Forsyth J. 2019 (October). “The Effect of Parental Residential School Attendance and Parental Involvement on Indigenous Youth’s Participation in Sports and Physical Activity during School.” International Journal of Indigenous Health, 14(2), 130- 146. doi: 10.32799/ijih.v14i2.31929
  • Nasreen S, Wilk P, Mullowney T, Karp I. 2019 (September). “Asthma Exacerbation Trajectories and Their Predictors in Children with Incident Asthma.” Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 123(3): 293-300. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2019.05.013
  • Clark AF, Campbell J, Tucker P, Wilk P, Gilliland JA. 2019 (June). “If You Make It Free, Will They Come? Using a Physical Activity Accessibility Model to Understand the Use of a Free Children's Recreation Pass.” Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 16(7):493-503. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2018-0364
  • Chiarello LA, Bartlett DJ, Palisano RJ, McCoy SW, Jeffries L, Fiss LA, Wilk P. 2019 (May). “Determinants of Playfulness of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 22(4): 240-249. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1471623
  • Chiarello LA, Bartlett DJ, Palisano RJ, McCoy SW, Jeffries L, Fiss LA, Wilk P. 2019 (May). “Determinants of Playfulness of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Developmental Neurorehabilitation. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1471623
  • Romano I, Cooke M, Wilk P. 2019 (March). “Factors Affecting Initiation and Duration of Breastfeeding among Off-reserve Indigenous Children in Canada." The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 10(1). doi: 10.18584/iipj.2019.10.1.5
  • Clark AF, Wilk P, Gilliland JA. 2019 (February). “Comparing Physical Activity Behaviour of Children during School Using the Balanced School Day and Traditional School Day Schedules.” Journal of School Health, 89(2): 129-135. doi:10.1111/josh.12722
  • Wilk P, Richard L, Garg A, Maltby A, Shariff S. 2019 (January). “Exploring Spatial Variation in Registration for Deceased Organ Donation in Ontario, Canada.” Healthcare Quarterly, 21(3): 57-63. doi:10.12927/hcq.2018.25699
  • Taylor LG, Clark AF, Wilk P, Button BL, Gilliland JA. 2018 (November). “Exploring the Effect of Perceptions on Children’s Physical Activity in Varying Geographic Contexts: Using a Structural Equation Modelling Approach to Examine a Cross-sectional Dataset.” Children, 5: 159. doi:10.3390/children5120159
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Phillips J. 2018 (August). “Unmet Healthcare Needs among Indigenous Peoples in Canada: Findings from the 2006 and 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Surveys.” Journal of Public Health, 26(4): 475-483 doi: 10.1007/s10389-017-0887-z
  • Ryan C, Cooke M, Kirkpatrick S, Leatherdale S, Wilk P. 2018 (August). “The Correlates of Physical Activity among Adult Métis.” Ethnicity and Health, 23(6):629-648. doi:10.1080/13557858.2017.1294655
  • Nasreen S, Brar R, Brar S, Maltby A, Wilk P. 2018 (May). “Are Indigenous Determinants of Health Associated with Anxiety Disorders among Canadian First Nations Adults?: Findings from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.” Community Mental Health Journal, 54(4): 460-48. doi: 10.1007/s10597-017-0165-0
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M, Forsyth J. 2018 (April). “Correlates of Participation in Sports and Physical Activities among Indigenous Youth.” Aboriginal Policy Studies, 7(1):62-83. doi:10.5663/aps.v7i1.28563
  • Holtz C, Gilliland J, Thind A, Wilk P, Campbell MK. 2018 (March). “Inequitable Health Service Use in a Canadian Paediatric Population: A Cross-Sectional Study of Individual- and Contextual-Level Factors." Child: Care, Health & Development, 44(2):188-194. doi: 10.1111/cch.12489
  • McTavish R, Acedillo R, Parikh C, Mcarthur E, Richard L, Shariff S, Aldr W, Wilk P, Garg A. 2018 (February). “Association between High Environmental Heat and Risk of Acute Kidney Injury among Older Adults in a Northern Climate: A Matched Case-Control Study.” American Journal of Kidney Disease, 71(2):200-208. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.07.011
  • Clark AF, Wilk P, Mitchell CA, Smith C, Archer J, Gilliland J. 2018 (February). “Examining how Neighbourhood Socioeconomic Status, Geographic Accessibility, and Informational Accessibility Influences the Uptake of a Free Population-Level Physical Activity Intervention for Children.” American Journal of Health Promotion, 32(2):315-32. doi: 10.1177/0890117117718433
  • Wilk P, Clark AF, Maltby A, Tucker P Gilliland J. 2018 (January). “Exploring the Effect of Parental Influence on Children’s Physical Activity: The Mediating Role Children’s Perceptions of Parental Support.” Preventive Medicine, 106:79-85. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.10.018
  • Wilk P, Cooke M, Stranges S, Maltby A. 2018 (January). “Reducing Health Disparities among Indigenous Populations: The Role of Collaborative Approaches to Improve Public Health Systems.” [EDITORIAL] International Journal of Public Health, 63(1):1-2. doi :10.1007/s00038-017-1028-8

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