Piotr Wilk, PhD

Piotr-Wilk_Image.jpg

Assistant Professor

P: 519.661.2111 ext: 89109
F: 519.661.3766
E-mail: pwilk3@uwo.ca

Appointments

Research Cluster Membership

Research Interests

Dr. Wilk’s research focuses on chronic disease surveillance and prevention and the links between environmental factors, social determinants of health, health-related modifiable behaviours, and health outcomes at the local, national and international level. In particular, he is interested in assessing the contribution of socioeconomic, behavioural and environmental risk factors to hospitalization for chronic disease using linked survey and administrative datasets.

Education

  • BSc Political Science
  • MSc Sociology
  • PhD Sociology

Current Research Grants

  • Longitudinal Effects of Neighbourhood Environmental Factors on Children’s Health: Development of the Paediatric Healthy Living Index for Southwestern Ontario (Principal Investigator; Children’s Health Research Institute: Scientist Innovation Grant; 2020-2022; $113,940)
  • Climate Change-Related Health Inequalities in Canada: How Hot Temperatures Affect Vulnerable Groups Living in Large Urban Centres (Principal Applicant; Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Project Grant; 2020-2024; $489,600)
  • Mental Health Related Emergency Department Use Among Children in Ontario: A Linked Population and Health Administrative Data Study (Co-Investigator; Children’s Health Research Institute: Internal Research Grant Fund; 2020-2021; $9,500)
  • Sleep Behaviours and Multimorbidity Risk in Middle-Sged and Older Adults: Prospective Analyses from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (Co-Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Catalyst Grant; 2020-2021; $69,950)
  • Climate Change and Children’s Health: Exploring Temperature Extremes and Paediatric Emergency Room Visits in London, Canada (Principal Investigator; Children’s Health Research Institute Translational Research Grant Fund; 2020-2021; $28,100)
  • Healthy Cities in Canada: Developing a Further Understanding of the Relationship between Exposure to Environmental Risk Factors and Health Outcomes (Principal Investigator; Research Western: WSS-CIHR Success Accelerator; 2020-2021; $47,712)
  • Evaluation of a Smartphone Based Intervention for Improving Food Literacy, Food Purchasing, and Diet Quality Among Youth in Urban, Suburban, and Rural Environments (Co-Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Project Grant; 2018-2023; $684,674)

Publications (past 5 years)

  • Wilk P, Richard L, Ouedraogo A, Garg A, Maltby A, Shariff S. 2020 (November). “Is Prosocial Behaviour Associated with Increased Registration for Deceased Organ Donation? A Cross-Sectional Study of Ontario, Canada.” Transplantation Direct. In press.
  • Wilk P, Gunz A, Maltby A, Ravichakaravarthy T, Clemens K, Lavigne E, Lim R, Vicedo-Cabrera, A M. 2020 (November). “Extreme Heat and Paediatric Emergency Department Admissions in Southwestern Ontario.” Paediatrics & Child Health. In press.
  • Nicholson K, Rodrigues R, Anderson K, Wilk P, Guaiana G, Stranges S. 2020 (July). “Sleep Behaviours and Multimorbidity Occurrence in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: Findings from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging.” Sleep Medicine, 75(November 2020): 156-162. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2020.07.002
  • Button B, Shah T I, Clark A F, Wilk P, Gilliland J. 2020 (July). “Examining Weather-Related Factors on Physical Activity Levels of Children from Rural Communities.” Canadian Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.17269/s41997-020-00324-3
  • Wilk P, Ali S, Anderson K, Clark A, Cooke M, Frisbee S, Gilliland J, Haan M, Harris S, Kiarasi S, Maltby A, Norozi K, Petrella R, Sarma S, Singh S, Stranges S, Thind A. 2020 (May). “Geographic Variation in Preventable Hospitalizations in Canada: A Cross-Sectional Study.” BMJ Open. 10:e037195. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2020-037195
  • Wilk P, Stranges S, Maltby A. 2020 (April). “Geographic Variation in Short Sleep Duration and Poor Sleep Quality: A Multilevel Analysis Using the 2015-2018 Canadian Community Health Survey.” Sleep Health Journal. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2020.02.018
  • El-Aloul B, Speechley K, Wei YS, Wilk P, Campbell C. 2020 (February). “Fatigue in Young People with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 62(2): 245-251. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.14248
  • Nasreen S, Wilk P, Mullowney T, Karp I. 2020 (January). “Age, Period and Cohort Effects on Asthma prevalence in Canadian Adults, 1994–2011.” Annals of Epidemiology, 41:(49-55). doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.11.005
  • Smith C, Clark AF, Wilk P, Tucker P, Gilliland JA. 2020 (January). “Assessing the Effectiveness of a Naturally-Occurring Population-Level Physical Activity Intervention for Children.” Public Health, 178: 62-71. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.08.022
  • Irwin B, Speechley MR, Wilk P, Clark A, Gilliland J. 2019 (November). “Promoting Healthy Beverage Consumption Habits Among Elementary School Children: Results of the Healthy Kids Community Challenge ‘Water Does Wonders’ Interventions in London, Ontario.” Canadian Journal of Public Health. doi:10.17269/s41997-019-00262-9
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M, Forsyth J. 2019 (October). “The Effect of Parental Residential School Attendance and Parental Involvement on Indigenous Youth’s Participation in Sports and Physical Activity during School.” International Journal of Indigenous Health, 14(2), 130- 146. doi: 10.32799/ijih.v14i2.31929
  • Nasreen S, Wilk P, Mullowney T, Karp I. 2019 (September). “Asthma Exacerbation Trajectories and Their Predictors in Children with Incident Asthma.” Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 123(3): 293-300. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2019.05.013
  • Clark AF, Campbell J, Tucker P, Wilk P, Gilliland JA. 2019 (June). “If You Make It Free, Will They Come? Using a Physical Activity Accessibility Model to Understand the Use of a Free Children's Recreation Pass.” Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 16(7):493-503. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2018-0364
  • Statler J, Wilk P, Tucker P. 2019 (May). “Habitual Physical Activity Levels and Sedentary Time of Children in Different Childcare Arrangements from a Nationally Representative Sample of Canadian Preschoolers.” Journal of Sport and Health Science. doi: 10.1016/j.jshs.2019.03.009
  • Chiarello LA, Bartlett DJ, Palisano RJ, McCoy SW, Jeffries L, Fiss LA, Wilk P. 2019 (May). “Determinants of Playfulness of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 22(4): 240-249. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1471623
  • El-Aloul B, Speechley K, Wei YS, Wilk P, Campbell C. 2019 (April). “Fatigue in Children and Adolescents with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy from Patients’ and Parents’ Perspectives.” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.1424
  • Romano I, Cooke M, Wilk P. 2019 (March). “Factors Affecting Initiation and Duration of Breastfeeding among Off-reserve Indigenous Children in Canada." The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 10(1). doi: 10.18584/iipj.2019.10.1.5
  • Clark AF, Wilk P, Gilliland JA. 2019 (February). “Comparing Physical Activity Behaviour of Children during School Using the Balanced School Day and Traditional School Day Schedules.” Journal of School Health, 89(2): 129-135. doi:10.1111/josh.12722
  • Wilk P, Richard L, Garg A, Maltby A, Shariff S. 2019 (January). “Exploring Spatial Variation in Registration for Deceased Organ Donation in Ontario, Canada.” Healthcare Quarterly, 21(3): 57-63. doi:10.12927/hcq.2018.25699
  • Taylor LG, Clark AF, Wilk P, Button BL, Gilliland JA. 2018 (November). “Exploring the Effect of Perceptions on Children’s Physical Activity in Varying Geographic Contexts: Using a Structural Equation Modelling Approach to Examine a Cross-sectional Dataset.” Children, 5: 159. doi:10.3390/children5120159 Wilk P, Maltby A, Phillips J. 2018 (August). “Unmet Healthcare Needs among Indigenous Peoples in Canada: Findings from the 2006 and 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Surveys.” Journal of Public Health, 26(4): 475-483 doi: 10.1007/s10389-017-0887-z
  • Ryan C, Cooke M, Kirkpatrick S, Leatherdale S,  Wilk P. 2018 (August). “The Correlates of Physical Activity among Adult Métis.” Ethnicity and Health, 23(6):629-648. doi:10.1080/13557858.2017.1294655
  • Chiarello LA, Bartlett DJ, Palisano RJ, McCoy SW, Jeffries L, Fiss LA, Wilk P. 2018 (May). “Determinants of Playfulness of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Developmental Neurorehabilitation. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1471623
  • Nasreen S, Brar R, Brar S, Maltby A,  Wilk P. 2018 (May). “Are Indigenous Determinants of Health Associated with Anxiety Disorders among Canadian First Nations Adults?: Findings from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.” Community Mental Health Journal, 54(4): 460-48. doi: 10.1007/s10597-017-0165-0.
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M, Forsyth J. 2018 (April). “Correlates of Participation in Sports and Physical Activities among Indigenous Youth.” Aboriginal Policy Studies, 7(1):62-83. doi:10.5663/aps.v7i1.28563
  • Wilk P, Gilliland J, Clark AF, Maltby A, Tucker, P. 2018 (April). “Examining Individual, Interpersonal, and Environmental Influences on Children’s Physical Activity Levels.” Social Science & Medicine – Population Health, 4:76-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.11.004
  • Holtz C, Gilliland J, Thind A,  Wilk P, Campbell MK. 2018 (March). “Inequitable Health Service Use in a Canadian Paediatric Population: A Cross-Sectional Study of Individual- and Contextual-Level Factors." Child: Care, Health & Development, 44(2):188-194. doi: 10.1111/cch.12489
  • McTavish R, Acedillo R, Parikh C, Mcarthur E, Richard L, Shariff S, Aldr W,  Wilk P, Garg A. 2018 (February). “Association between High Environmental Heat and Risk of Acute Kidney Injury among Older Adults in a Northern Climate: A Matched Case-Control Study.” American Journal of Kidney Disease , 71(2):200-208. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.07.011
  • Clark AF,  Wilk P, Mitchell CA, Smith C, Archer J, Gilliland J. 2018 (February). “Examining how Neighbourhood Socioeconomic Status, Geographic Accessibility, and Informational Accessibility Influences the Uptake of a Free Population-Level Physical Activity Intervention for Children.” American Journal of Health Promotion , 32(2):315-32. doi: 10.1177/0890117117718433
  • Wilk P, Gilliland J, Clark AF, Maltby A, Tucker, P. 2018 (January). “Exploring the Effect of Parental Influence on Children’s Physical Activity: The Mediating Role Children’s Perceptions of Parental Support.” Preventive Medicine , 106:79-85. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.10.018
  • Wilk P, Cooke M, Stranges S, Maltby A. 2018 (January). “Reducing Health Disparities among Indigenous Populations: The Role of Collaborative Approaches to Improve Public Health Systems.” [EDITORIAL] International Journal of Public Health, 63(1):1-2. doi :10.1007/s00038-017-1028-8
  • Bhattacharjee R, Cooke M, Maltby A,  Wilk P. 2017 (December). "What Does 'Holism' Mean in Indigenous Mental Health? A Review of the Literature and Suggestions for Healthcare Professionals." University of Western Ontario Medical Journal, 86(2): 25-27.
  • Goodwin S,  Wilk P, Campbell M, Speechley K. 2017 (November). "Emotional Well-Being in Children with Epilepsy: Family Factors as Mediators and Moderators." Epilepsia, 58(11):1912-1919. doi. 10.1111/epi.13900.
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M. 2017 (April). “Changing BMI Scores among Canadian Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children, Youth and Young Adults: Untangling Age, Period, and Cohort Effects.” Canadian Studies in Population, 44(1-2): 28-41. doi: 10.25336/P6HK5D
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M. 2017 (March). “Residential Schools and the Effects on Indigenous Health and Well-Being in Canada - A Scoping Review.” Public Health Reviews, 38: 8. doi: 10.1186/s40985-017-0055-6
  • Bhawra J, Cooke M, Guo Y,  Wilk P. 2017 (March). “The Association of Household Food Security, Household Characteristics and School Environment with Obesity Status among Off-reserve First Nations and Métis Children in Canada: Results from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.” Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada, 37(3): 77-86. doi: 10.24095/hpcdp.37.3.03
  • Yip C, Sarma S,  Wilk P. 2016 (December). “The Effects of Individual- and Community-level Social Cohesion on Physical Activity in Canada: A Multilevel Analysis.” Social Science and Medicine-Population Health, 2 (December): 718-723.
  • Joachim KC,  Wilk P, Ryan BL, Speechley K. 2016 (October). “Family-Centred Care in Children with Epilepsy: Evaluating the Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC-20)” Epilepsia, 57(10): 1660-1668.
  • Sadler RC, Clark AF,  Wilk P, O’Connor C, Gilliland J. 2016 (June). “Using GPS and Activity Tracking to Reveal the Influence of Adolescents’ Food Environment Exposure on Junk Food Purchasing.” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 107(Suppl. 1): eS14–eS20. doi:10.17269/cjph.107.5346
  • Chiarello LA, Bartlett DJ, Palisano RJ, McCoy SW, Fiss AL, Jeffries L,  Wilk P. 2016 (February). “Determinants of Participation in Family and Recreational Activities of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Disability and Rehabilitation, 38(25):2455-68. doi:10.3109/09638288.2016.1138548

Graduate Students (Past 5 Years)

  • Emma Loeaschnik; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Supervisor; Title: TBD
  • Tasneem Lalva; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Supervisor; Title: TBD
  • Jason Were; Degree: PhD, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: TBD
  • Tran Nguyen; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: TBD
  • Meghan Smith; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: TBD
  • Sean Spilsbury Degree: MSc, Kinesiology (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: TBD
  • David McHugh; Degree: MSc, Kinesiology (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: TBD
  • Branka Vujcic; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Correlates of Mental Well-Being among Migrants in Canada.”
  • David Zeke Guy; Degree: PhD, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Mitigating Bias in Non-Randomized Studies Comparing Treatment Outcomes in Prostate Cancer.”
  • Tresah Antaya; Degree: PhD, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Exploring Long-Term Environmental Exposures as Epilepsy Risk Factors: A Large, Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study.”
  • Adetola Aboyeji; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Mental and Physical Health Impacts of Caregiving amongst Individuals of Different Ethno-Cultural Groups.”
  • Onyebuchi Omodon; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Assess the Association of Family Factors with Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents and Young Adults Ten Years after a Diagnosis of Epilepsy.”
  • Brenton Button; Degree: PhD, Geography (Current); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Examining Physical Activity Behaviours among Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children in Rural Areas.”
  • Tammy Lau; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Current); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Correlates of Unneeded Emergency Room Visits: Lessons from the 2015-2017 Canadian Community Health Survey.”
  • Shannon Wong; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2020); My role: Co-Supervisor; Title: “ADHD Symptoms and Substance Use among Adolescents in Ontario: A Cross-Sectional Study Examining Sex Differences and Covariates.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/7347/
  • Victoria Gaudin; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2020); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “The Impact of School Nutrition Policy on Diet Quality of Children and Youth: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Canada.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/7175/
  • Sarah Singh; Degree: PhD, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2020); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Examining the Simultaneous Influence of Individual and Neighborhood Determinants on Cardiovascular Health: A Multilevel Study in Canadian Adults.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/7170/
  • Aini Khan; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2020); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Proportion of Canadian Adults with Unreported Type 2 Diabetes who Experience a Related Hospitalization: Results from Canadian Community Health Survey and Discharge Abstract Database Linkage.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/6893/
  • Soushyant Kiarasi; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2020); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Multi-level Analysis for Geographical Inequalities on Ambulatory Care Sensitive Hospitalizations.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/6830/
  • Sharifa Nasreen; Degree: PhD, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2019); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Trends in Asthma Prevalence in Canadians, Asthma Course Trajectories in Children, and the Effect of Maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on the Risk of Asthma in the Offspring.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/6685/
  • Julie Statler; Degree: PhD, Health and Rehabilitation Science (2018); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Exploring the Influence of Childcare Enrollment on Physical Activity and Sedentary Time of a Nationally Representative Sample of Canadian Preschoolers.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/5699/
  • Uliana Tariq; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2018); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Changes in Dietary Behaviour among Children: Effects of Provincial Policies.” LINK: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/5683/
  • Catherine Meh; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2017); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Determinants of Maternal Mortality: A Comparison of Geographic Differences in Northern and Southern Regions of Cameroon.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca /etd/4975/
  • Basmah El-Aloul; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2017); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Fatigue in Children and Adolescents with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4626/
  • Melissa Subnath; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2017); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Indigenous Food Insecurity in Canada: An Analysis Using the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4459/
  • Christine Smith; Degree: MSc, Geography (2017); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Examining the Impact of a Population-Based Intervention on Children's Physical Activity Levels: The Grade 5 ACT-i-Pass Program in London, Ontario.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4427/
  • Shane Goodwin; Degree: PhD, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2016); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Emotional Well-Being in Children with New-Onset Epilepsy.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4138/
  • Rebecca McTavish; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2016); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Environmental Heat and Hospital Encounters for Acute Kidney Injury in Older Adults: A Matched Case-Control Study.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4001/
  • Rachel Giblon; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2016); My role: Member of Advisory Committee; Title: “Inequalities in Social Determinants of Health in the Ontario Transgender Population.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/3875/ 
  • Calvin Yip; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2016); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Neighbourhood Effects on the Level of Physical Activity.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/3794/
  • Phylicia Gonsalves; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2016); My role: Supervisor; Title: “A Link between Paediatric Obesity and Asthma: Are They Caused by the Same Environmental Conditions?” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/3547/