Piotr Wilk, PhD

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Assistant Professor and Graduate Chair

P: 519.661.2111 ext: 89109
F: 519.661.3766
E-mail: pwilk3@uwo.ca

Appointments

Research Cluster Membership

Research Interests

Dr. Wilk’s research focuses on chronic disease surveillance and prevention and the links between environmental factors, social determinants of health, health-related modifiable behaviours, and health outcomes at the local and national level. In particular, he is interested in assessing the contribution of socioeconomic, behavioural and environmental risk factors to hospitalization for chronic disease using linked survey and administrative datasets.

Education

  • BSc (Honours) Political Science
  • MSc Sociology
  • PhD Sociology

Recent Research Grants (since 2012)

  • Healthy Cities, Healthy People: Exploring Longitudinal Exposure to Environmental Risk Factors (Principal Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $88,060) UNDER REVIEW
  • Examining Inequalities in Risk of Preventable Hospitalizations in Canada: What Individual- and Community-level Factors Contribute to Spatial Variation? (Principal Investigator; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $275,000) UNDER REVIEW
  • Exploring Longitudinal Effects of Natural and Built Environmental Risk Factors on the Trajectories of Cardiovascular Health Using Novel Data Linkages (Principal Investigator; Heart & Stroke Foundation of Canada; $187,892) UNDER REVIEW
  • Evaluation of a Smartphone Based Intervention for Improving Food Literacy, Food Purchasing, and Diet Quality Among Youth in Urban, Suburban, and Rural Environments (Co-Investigator; Principal Investigator, Jason Gilliland; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $72,071; 2018-2023)
  • SmartAppetite for Youth: Development and Evaluation of a Smartphone Based Program for Improving Food Literacy and Healthy Eating among Adolescents (Co-Investigator; Principal Investigator, Jason Gilliland; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $140,000; 2017-2019)
  • Development and Evaluation of a Smartphone Program for Improving Food Literacy and Healthy Eating Among Youth (Co-Investigator; Principal Investigator, Jason Gilliland; Heart & Stroke Canada; $249,000; 2017-2020)
  • Multidisciplinary Initiative for Population Health Research in Chronic Diseases (Principal Investigator; Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry; $48,596; 2017-2019)
  • Development and Evaluation of a Smartphone Based Program for Improving Food Literacy and Healthy Eating Among Youth (Co-Investigator; Principal Investigator, Jason Gilliland; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $100,000; 2017-2018)
  • Determinants of Unmet Healthcare Needs among Indigenous Populations (Principal Investigator/Mentor with J Phillips, Undergraduate Medical Education, Western University, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry; $4,150; 2016-2017)
  • Intergenerational Effects of Residential Schooling on Obesity Rates among Indigenous Canadians: Understanding the Causal Mechanisms (Principal Investigator; Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada; $6,000; 2016-2017)
  • Evaluation of a Community-Based Physical Activity Intervention for Elementary School Children in London, Ontario (Co-Investigator; Principal Investigator, Jason Gilliland; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $225,834; 2014-2017)
  • Healthy Weights Forum: Working Together to Promote the Health of First Nations and Métis Children in Our Communities (Nominated Principal Investigator; with Martin Cooke; Public Health Agency of Canada; $1,595,159; 2013-2017.
  • How Does Providing Free Access to Community Recreational Facilities and Programs Change Physical Activity Levels among the Grade 5 Population in London, Ontario? (Co-Investigator; Principal Investigator, Jason Gilliland; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $199,298; 2014-2018)
  • The Healthy Weights Connection: Scaling up a Public Health System Intervention (Nominated Principal Investigator; with Martin Cooke; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; $12,490; 2015-2016)
  • Family-Oriented Healthy Eating, Activity and Lifestyle Training with Hands-on experience (FOR HEALTH) (co-Principal Investigator; with Dirk Bock; Children's Health Research Institute; $25,000; 2012-2014)

Publications (since 2012)

  • Romano I, Cooke M, Wilk P. “Factors Affecting Initiation and Duration of Breastfeeding among off-reserve Indigenous Children in Canada." The International Indigenous Policy Journal. ACCEPTED.
  • Clark AF, Wilk P, Gilliland J. “Comparing Physical Activity Behaviour of Children during School Using the Balanced School Day and Traditional School Day Schedules.” Journal of School Health. ACCEPTED.
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M, Forsyth J. 2018. “Correlates of Participation in Sports and Physical Activities among Indigenous Youth.” Aboriginal Policy Studies, 7(1):62-83. doi:10.5663/aps.v7i1.28563
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Phillips J. 2018 (August). “Unmet Healthcare Needs among Indigenous Peoples in Canada: Findings from the 2006 and 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Surveys.” Journal of Public Health, 26(4): 475-483 doi: 10.1007/s10389-017-0887-z
  • Ryan C, Cooke M, Kirkpatrick S, Leatherdale S, Wilk P. 2018 (August). “The Correlates of Physical Activity among Adult Métis.” Ethnicity and Health, 23(6):629-648. doi:10.1080/13557858.2017.1294655
  • Chiarello LA, Bartlett DJ, Palisano RJ, McCoy SW, Jeffries L, Fiss LA, Wilk P. 2018 (May). “Determinants of Playfulness of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Developmental Neurorehabilitation. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1471623
  • Wilk P, Gilliland J, Clark AF, Maltby A, Tucker, P. 2018 (April). “Examining Individual, Interpersonal, and Environmental Influences on Children’s Physical Activity Levels.” Social Science & Medicine – Population Health, 4:76-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.11.004
  • Nasreen S, Brar R, Brar S, Maltby A, Wilk P. 2018 (May). “Are Indigenous Determinants of Health Associated with Anxiety Disorders among Canadian First Nations Adults?: Findings from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.” Community Mental Health Journal, 54(4): 460-48. doi. 10.1007/s10597-017-0165-0.
  • Holtz C, Gilliland J, Thind A, Wilk P, Campbell MK. 2018 (March). “Inequitable Health Service Use in a Canadian Paediatric Population: A Cross-Sectional Study of Individual- and Contextual-Level Factors." Child: Care, Health & Development, 44(2):188-194. doi: 10.1111/cch.12489
  • McTavish R, Acedillo R, Parikh C, Mcarthur E, Richard L, Shariff S, Aldr W, Wilk P, Garg A. 2018 (February). “Association between High Environmental Heat and Risk of Acute Kidney Injury among Older Adults in a Northern Climate: A Matched Case-Control Study.” American Journal of Kidney Disease, 71(2):200-208. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.07.011
  • Clark AF, Wilk P, Mitchell CA, Smith C, Archer J, Gilliland J. 2018 (February). “Examining how Neighbourhood Socioeconomic Status, Geographic Accessibility, and Informational Accessibility Influences the Uptake of a Free Population-Level Physical Activity Intervention for Children.” American Journal of Health Promotion, 32(2):315-32. doi: 10.1177/0890117117718433
  • Wilk P, Gilliland J, Clark AF, Maltby A, Tucker, P. 2018 (January). “Exploring the Effect of Parental Influence on Children’s Physical Activity: The Mediating Role Children’s Perceptions of Parental Support.” Preventive Medicine, 106:79-85. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.10.018
  • Wilk P, Cooke M, Stranges S, Maltby A. 2018 (January). “Reducing Health Disparities among Indigenous Populations: The Role of Collaborative Approaches to Improve Public Health Systems.” [EDITORIAL] International Journal of Public Health, 63(1):1-2. doi :10.1007/s00038-017-1028-8
  • Goodwin S, Wilk P, Campbell M, Speechley K. 2017 (November). "Emotional Well-Being in Children with Epilepsy: Family Factors as Mediators and Moderators." Epilepsia, 58(11):1912-1919. doi. 10.1111/epi.13900.
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M. 2017 (April). “Changing BMI Scores among Canadian Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children, Youth and Young Adults: Untangling Age, Period, and Cohort Effects.” Canadian Studies in Population, 44(1-2): 28-41. doi: 10.25336/P6HK5D
  • Wilk P, Maltby A, Cooke M. 2017 (March). “Residential Schools and the Effects on Indigenous Health and Well-Being in Canada - A Scoping Review.” Public Health Reviews, 38: 8. doi: 10.1186/s40985-017-0055-6
  • Bhawra J, Cooke M, Guo Y, Wilk P. 2017 (March). “The Association of Household Food Security, Household Characteristics and School Environment with Obesity Status among Off-reserve First Nations and Métis Children in Canada: Results from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.” Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada, 37(3): 77-86. doi: 10.24095/hpcdp.37.3.03
  • Yip C, Sarma S, Wilk P. 2016 (December). “The Effects of Individual- and Community-level Social Cohesion on Physical Activity in Canada: A Multilevel Analysis.” Social Science and Medicine-Population Health, 2 (December): 718-723.
  • Joachim KC, Wilk P, Ryan BL, Speechley K. 2016 (October). “Family-Centred Care in Children with Epilepsy: Evaluating the Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC-20)” Epilepsia, 57(10): 1660-1668.
  • Sadler RC, Clark AF, Wilk P, O’Connor C, Gilliland J. 2016 (June). “Using GPS and Activity Tracking to Reveal the Influence of Adolescents’ Food Environment Exposure on Junk Food Purchasing.” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 107(Suppl. 1): eS14–eS20. doi:10.17269/cjph.107.5346
  • Chiarello LA, Bartlett DJ, Palisano RJ, McCoy SW, Fiss AL, Jeffries L, Wilk P. 2016 (February). “Determinants of Participation in Family and Recreational Activities of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Disability and Rehabilitation, 38(25):2455-68. doi:10.3109/09638288.2016.1138548
  • Gilliland J, Clark AF, Tucker P, Prapavessis H, Avison W, Wilk P. 2015 (December). “The ACT-i-Pass Study Protocol: How Does Free Access to Recreation Opportunities Impact Children's Physical Activity Levels?” BMC Public Health, 15(1): 1286. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2637-x
  • Bhawra J, Cooke M, Hanning R, Wilk P, Gonneville SL. 2015 (October). “Community Perspectives on Food Insecurity and Obesity: Focus Groups with Caregivers of Métis and Off-reserve First Nations Children.” International Journal for Equity in Health, 14: 96. doi:10.1186/s12939-015-0232-5
  • Wilk P, Cooke M. 2015 (September). “Collaborative Public Health System Interventions for Chronic Disease Prevention among Urban Aboriginal Peoples.” The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 6(4). doi:10.18584/iipj.2015.6.4.3;
  • Ryan C, Cooke M, Leatherdale S, Kirkpatrick S, Wilk P. 2015 (June). “The Correlates of Current Smoking among Adult Métis: Evidence from the Aboriginal Peoples Survey and Métis Supplement.” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 106(5): e271-6. doi:10.17269/cjph.106.5053
  • Spence Laschinger HK, Nosko A, Wilk P and Finegan J. 2014 (December). “Effects of Unit Empowerment and Perceived Support for Professional Nursing Practice on Unit Effectiveness and Individual Nurse Well-being: A Time-lagged Study.” International Journal in Nursing Studies, 51(12): 1615-23. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.04.010
  • Brown HK and Wilk P. 2014 (October). “Changes in Smoking during Pregnancy in Ontario, 1995-2010: Results from the Canadian Community Health Survey.” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 36(10): 878-884. doi:10.1016/S1701-2163(15)30436-9
  • Towns C, Rysdale L, Cooke M and Wilk P. 2014 (September). "Healthy Weights Interventions in Aboriginal Children and Youth: A Systematic Review of the Literature.” Journal of Dietetic Research and Practice, 75(3): 125-31. doi:10.3148/cjdpr-2014-006 /li>
  • McGlynn N, Wilk P, Luginaah I, Ryan BL and Thind A. 2014 (August). “Increased Use of Recommended Maternal Health Care as a Determinant of Immunization and Appropriate Care for Fever and Diarrhoea in Ghana: An Analysis Pooling Three Demographic and Health Surveys.” Health Policy Plan, 30(7): 895-905. doi:10.1093/heapol/czu090
  • Spence Laschinger HK, Read E, Wilk P and Finegan J. 2014 (June). “The Influence of Nursing Unit Empowerment and Social Capital on Unit Effectiveness and Nurse Perceptions of Patient Care Quality.” Journal of Nursing Administration, 44(6): 347-52. doi:10.1097/NNA.0000000000000080
  • Bartlett DJ, Chiarello LA, McCoy SW, Palisano RJ, Jeffries L, Fiss AL and Wilk P. 2014 (April). “Determinants of Self-care Participation of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 17(6): 403-13. doi:10.3109/17518423.2014.897398
  • Holtz C, Gilliland J, Thind A, Wilk P and Campbell MK. 2014 (March). “Neighborhood Variation and Inequity of Primary Health Service Use by Mothers from London-Middlesex, Ontario.” World Health Population, 15(2): 32-42. doi:10.12927/whp.2014.23859
  • Bartlett DJ, Chiarello LA, McCoy SW, Palisano RJ, Jeffries L, Fiss AL, Rosenbaum P and Wilk P. 2014 (March). “Determinants of Gross Motor Function of Young Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Prospective Cohort Study.” Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 56(3): 275-82. doi:10.1111/dmcn.12317
  • Walton D, Eilon-Avigdor Y, Wonderham M and Wilk P. 2014 (February). “Exploring the Clinical Course of Neck Pain in Physical Therapy: A Longitudinal Study.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(2): 303-8. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2013.09.004

Graduate Students

  • Tammy Lau; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (Current); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Correlates of Unneeded Emergency Room Visits: Lessons from the 2015-2017 Canadian Community Health Survey.”
  • Aini Khan; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (Current); My role: Supervisor; Title: TBD
  • Soushyant Kiarasi; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (Current); My role: Supervisor; Title: TBD
  • Shannon Wong; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (Current); My role: Co-Supervisor; Title: TBD
  • Uliana Tariq; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (Current); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Changes in Dietary Behaviour among Children: Effects of Provincial Policies."
  • Melissa Subnath; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (2017); My role: Supervisor; Title: " Indigenous Food Insecurity in Canada: An Analysis Using the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey." LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4459
  • Calvin Yip; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (2016); My role: Supervisor; Title: "Neighbourhood Effects on the Level of Physical Activity." LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/3794/
  • Phylicia Gonsalves; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (2016); My role: Supervisor; Title: "A Link between Paediatric Obesity and Asthma: Are They Caused by the Same Environmental Conditions?" LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/3547/
  • Krista Cook; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (2015); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Exploring Cross-sectional Associations between Unhealthy Food Outlet Exposure and BMI Z-score in Elementary School Children in London, Canada.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/3217/
  • Mathew Roy; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (2014); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Body Mass Index Trajectories: The Effect of Fetal Size and Early Life Modifiable Factors." LINK http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/2480/
  • Setareh Hooshmand; Degree: MSc, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (2014); My role: Supervisor; Title: “Developmental Associations of Self-reported Body Mass and Depressive Symptoms: A Longitudinal Examination of the Transition from Adolescence to Young Adulthood.” LINK: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/1965/