Schulich school of Medicine and Dentistry logo Physiology and Pharmacology Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry

Paul L. Gribble



PH.D. McGill University
M.Sc. McGill University
B.Sc. Queen's University
Office: Natural Sciences Building, Rm 228
p. 519.661.2111 x. 82237

Visit: Dr. Gribble's Homepage
Visit: The Brain and Mind Institute
See Publications by Paul Gribble on PubMed

Despite the significant mechanical complexities of multi-joint limb motion, humans are able to interact with the environment with remarkable ease. For example, a skilled athlete can accurately throw a light baseball or a heavy football, even though the underlying muscle forces are very different. Despite very different mechanical requirements, the brain can generate the appropriate motor commands to limb muscles that take these loads into account, and result in skilled movement. Motor skills are developed over time and improved, and we refer to this as motor learning.

The goal of our research is to gain an understanding of the neural, sensory and cognitive mechanisms that underlie motor learning. Our experimental approach is to use both human behavioural studies and theoretical studies using computational models of motor behaviour to test hypotheses about how motor learning is achieved for multi-joint
arm movements and for interacting with the environment.

Current research projects include: Effects of motor learning on sensory systems; Motor learning by observing; Interference and contextual cues in learning multiple motor skills; Neural control of limb stiffness; Computational models of neuromuscular control


Kistemaker DA, Wong JD, Gribble PL (2010) The Central Nervous System does not minimize energy cost in arm movements. J Neurophysiol, 104, 2985-94

Ostry DJ, Darainy M, Mattar AA, Wong J, Gribble PL (2010) Somatosensory plasticity and motor learning. J Neurosci 30(15): 5384-93

Brown LE, Wilson ET, Goodale MA, Gribble PL. Motor force fieldlearning influences visual processing of target motion. J Neurosci 2007; 27 (37): 9975-83.

Cothros N, Kohler S, Dickie EW, Mirsattari SM, Gribble PL. Proactive interference as a result of persisting neural representations of previously learned motor skills in primary motor cortex. J Cogn
Neurosci 2006; 18 (12): 2167-76.

Mattar AA, Gribble PL. Motor learning by observing. Neuron 2005; 46 (1): 153-60.