Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry Graduate Orthodontics Program


Graduate Orthodontics Program


Program Description
Admission Requirements
Degree Requirements
Contact Inquiries


The purpose of the program in Orthodontics is to provide the academic background and clinical experience appropriate to the specialty of Orthodontics. The program is fully accredited by the Council on Education of the Canadian Dental Association, and meets the specialty certification requirement of the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario and the eligibility requirement of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada.

The 36-month program includes advanced training in the basic sciences pertinent to Orthodontics, the supervised diagnosis and treatment of selected complex orthodontic cases, the preparation of a research paper suitable for publication, and other related academic activities.

The degree, Master of Clinical Dentistry (M.Cl.D.) is granted by the School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies upon completion of the program. Admission to the Graduate Orthodontic Program is competitive: 3 candidates are accepted each year.

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Dr. Antonios Mamandras


Associate Professor, Dentistry
Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry
DDS Athens
MSc. Manitoba

1015 Dental Sciences Building
T: (519) 661-2111 x86114
F: (519) 661-2075

Dr. Ali. Tassi

Acting Clinic Director

Assistant Professor, Dentistry
Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry

1013 Dental Sciences Building
T: (519) 661-2111 x86118
F: (519) 661-2075


• Dr. R.L. Beath, DDS Dip. Ortho
• Dr. W.D.M. Beaton, DDS MSc
• Dr. L. Chumak, DDS, MCID
• Dr. K. Coups Smith, BSc, DDS, Dip. Ortho
• Dr. T.F. Foley, DDS, MCID
• Dr. M. Gross, BSc, Bed, DDS, MCID
• Dr. C.B. Hill, DDS, MCID
• Dr. G.W. Keyes, DDS, Dip. Ortho
• Dr. A. Mair, DDS, MCID
• Dr. R. Marti
• Dr. J. Murray, BA, DDS, MSc
• Dr. H Nguyen, BSc, DMD, Cert. Ortho
• Dr. S. Palleck, DDS, MCID
• Dr. L. Redigonda, BSc, DDS, MCID, FRCD (C)
• Dr. B.W. White

• Dr. R. Voth
• Dr. N. Lalani
• Dr. R. Aynaciyan
• Dr. R. Shukla
• Dr. F. Inocencio
• Dr. W. Frydman
• Dr. S. Hatibovic-Kofman
• Dr. H. Lapointe
• Dr. M. Shimizu


• Dr. F. Beier, PhD
• Dr. R. Bohay R.N., BMD, Dip. Oral Rad.
• Dr. T. Daley, BSc, DDS, MSc, Dip ABOP
• Dr. S.J. Dixon, BSc, MSc, DDS, Dip. Periol, PhD
• Dr. C. Driessen, CBchD, HBchD, MSc, PhD
• Dr. W.L. Frydman, DDS, MSc
• Dr. K.A. Galil, BDS, DOS, PhD, Cert. Perio
• Dr. H. Goldberg, BSc, MPhill, PhD
• Dr. S. Hatibovic-Kofman, DDS, MSc, PhD
• Dr. G. Hunter, BSc, PhD
• Dr. D.F. Innocencio, DDS, Dip. Ortho.
• Dr. H. Lapointe, DDS, PhD
• Dr. A. Rizkalla, BSc, MEng, PhD
• Dr. H. Sandhu, BDS, PhD, Dip. Perio.
• Dr. M. Shimizu, BSc, DMD, MD, MSc, FRCD (C)
• Dr. Walter Siqueira, DDS, PhD


Barbara Merner
Clinic Administrator

T: (519) 661-3558
F: (519) 661-2075

Jacqueline Geneau
Division Secretary/Admissions

T: (519) 661-2111 ext. 86114
F: (519) 661-2075


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A candidate must possess a DDS degree or equivalent. Normally, only applicants who have graduated with at least a "B" standing and who, by their undergraduate records have demonstrated the potential ability to succeed in graduate work, will be considered.

Preference shall be given to those candidates having at least two years in general practice and a license to practice in Canada.

Following an initial review of applications, an interview with the admissions committee is required as part of the admission procedure.

Graduate students are expected to maintain a "B" standing throughout their course of study.

Applications must be received no later than September 15th, for consideration for acceptance in the class commencing the following June. 

A completed application includes the following: 

  1. Complete on-line application
    Apply on-line registraton
  2. Statement of academic intent

  3. Electronic Transcripts
    • From Ontario Universities/colleges:
      • Past or current students of The University of Western Ontario do not need to provide transcripts for their academic history at Western.  This information can be obtained internally. Transcripts from other Universities in Ontario can be sent electronically.
    • From non-Ontario Universities/colleges:
      • 2 copies of transcripts (or certified copies) from all universities/colleges previously attended. Must be mailed to us.
      • Transcripts issued in another language other than English must be accompanied by certified English translations.  To be considered official, all academic records must be received in envelopes which have been sealed and endorsed by the issuing institution.
      • Mail to:
        Division of Graduate Orthodontics
        Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry
        The University of Western Ontario
        Dental Sciences Building Rm. 1101
        London, Ontario N6A 5C1
  4. Professional background

  5. References (3)

  6. Proficiency in English Scores, if applicable
    • You MUST have the testing service send your score electronically to Western.

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language, www.toefl.org (TOEFL).  Western's TOEFL ID is 0984.  The School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies requires a minimum score of 600 (250 computer-based) on a language test report from TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)

    • The International English Language Testing Service www.ielts.org (IELTS) of the British Council. 

    • The Michigan English Language Assessment Battery
      http://www.lsa.umich.edu/eli/testing/melab/ (MELAB) of the University of Michigan

    • The Canadian Academic English Language Assessment www.cael.ca (CAEL Assessment)
  7. Test Scores - Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (if applicable)
    Western's GRE ID is 0984.  Required for applicants that graduated from a school outside of Canada/United States

  8. Application fee: $250.00

For applicants who have graduated from a school outside of Canada or the United States, it is mandatory that you complete a two year qualifying program from an accredited school in Canada and then Part I and Part II of the Canadian National Dental Board exam.
Please refer to the Internationally Trained Dentist program at Schulich Dentistry.  Preference is given to applicants trained in Canadian and American Dental Schools.  

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The program of studies covers 36 continuous months (beginning in June).  Appropriate courses in the basic medical sciences are required.  These include Head and Neck Anatomy, Biostatistics, Physiology and Oral Pathology.  A thesis of defense is required for completion. 

The degree, Master of Clinical Dentistry (M.Cl.D.), is granted by the School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies (SGPS) upon completion of the program. 

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9500  Epidemiology & Biostatistics 
           Half course; one term (Yr. I)
9501  Cephalometrics
           Half course; one term (Summer term only)
9503  Genetics 
           Half course; one term
9511  Development of Occlusion
           Full course; two terms
9512  Growth and Development of the Human Face
           Full course; two terms
9513  Interceptive Orthodontics
           Half course; one term
9514  Surgical Orthodontics 
           Half course; one term
9515  Dentofacial Orthopedics
           Non-credit requirement; one term (Yr. I)
9521  Biomechanics 
           Full course; one term (Summer term only)
9522  Diagnosis and Treatment Planning I
           Full course; two terms
9523  Clinical Experience
           Full course; Fall term (Yr. I)
9524  Clinical Experience 
           Full course; Winter term (Yr. I)
9532  Diagnosis and Treatment Planning II
           Full course; three terms
9533  Clinical Experience
           Full course; Summer term (Yr. II)
9534  Clinical Experience
           Full course; Fall term (Yr. II)
9535  Clinical Experience 
           Full course; Winter term (Yr. II)
9539  Clinical Topics in Orthodontics
           Non-credit requirement; Fall term (Yr. III)
9540  Topics in Physiology 
           Non-credit requirement; one term (Yr. I, II, III)
9542  Diagnosis and Treatment Planning III
           Full course; two terms (Yr. III)
9543  Clinical Experience
           Full course; two terms (Yr. III)
9544  Clinical Experience 
           Full course; Fall term (Yr. III)
9545  Oral Pathology
           Half course; one term
9590  MCID Thesis
9636  Anatomy, Head and Neck

Representative malocclusions are treated in the clinic and experience in consultation with general practitioners is an integral part of the program.

Original research in a clinical or basic science area is a requirement and is reported in a format suitable for publication.  Two copies of the report and appendices are bound and retained by the Health Sciences Library and by the Division, following approval of the report by the Professional Degree Committee.

The principal research interests of the Division are human facial growth and treatment; development of the dentition; inheritance in the human face; occlusion; bonding; orthognathic surgery. 

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Click here for more info on Fees and Tuition        Current and Historic Fees Schedules can be found on the
        Registrar's site... CLICK HERE

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An appeal is a request for exemption from a Senate regulation or the ruling of a Dean in academic matters; or a request that a grade on a particular piece of work or a final standing in a course or program be changed.

The subject of an appeal can range from waiver of progression requirements to accuracy of grades on examinations or assignments, to appropriateness of sanctions imposed for scholastic offenses.  An appeal can include questions of fairness or appropriateness or general grading practices, and can be launched regardless of whether a record of the student's work exists.

The grounds of an appeal may include medical, compassionate, or extenuating circumstances; bias, inaccuracy or unfairness.

The successive levels for an appeal by an undergraduate student are:

  1. Course Instructor (informal consultation)*
  2. Program Chair (submission of written request)
  3. Faculty Dean (submission of written request)
  4. SRBA (submission of written application for hearing)

*Appeals relating to a specific course (e.g., against a mark, grade appropriateness of assignments, or grading practices) must be initiated with the appropriate course instructor.  Appeals on other matters should be initiated in the office having immediate jurisdiction for the particular requirement or regulation in question.  Students in doubt as to the appropriate level at which appeals should be initiated should consult their Dean. 

Each step of the appeals procedure should be completed as soon as possible but no later than six weeks from the date of the action or decision giving rise to the appeal.  It is incumbent, therefore, on the student to initiate an appeal at the earliest opportunity and on the University officer concerned to act upon that request as expeditiously as possible.

In the case of an appeal relating to a specific course, a resolution of the problem should first be attempted through informal consultation with the instructor.  If the instructor fails to act, or cannot or will not be physically available within a reasonable time period, the appeal may be forwarded directly to the Program Chair.

An appeal to each successive level may be made if the student is dissatisfied with the decision at the previous level, but must be made in writing within six weeks of the date of the previous decision.  The written request need not be lengthy but should indicate clearly the details of the appeal and the relief requested.

Following an appeal to a Program Chair, the student, if not satisfied with the decision of the Chair, may then appeal to the Dean of the Faculty in which the course or program was taken.  In the case of appeals relating to the grade on a piece of work or final standing in a course, a regulation relating to a specific course, or to enrolment in a specific program, the relevant Dean will be the Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies which offers that course or program.  In the case of appeals of a grade or mark on a particular piece of work, the Dean may hire an independent assessor to render an advisory judgment.

Only after receiving a final decision from a Dean may a student appeal to the Senate Review Board Academic.

SRBA can consider only those specific reliefs requested in the appeal to the Dean.

Examples of reliefs that can be offered by SRBA are:

  1. Waiver of a Senate regulation or requirement.
  2. Setting aside or adjusting a Dean's ruling.

For example:

  • allowing the opportunity for re-examination or re-assessment

  • reducing the severity of a sanction imposed for a scholastic offence

  • directing the adjustment of a grade on a particular piece of work following the report of an independent assessor.

  1. Directing the Dean to ensure the adjustment of grades in the case of an appeal against general marking or grading practices.  (While each Faculty has the right to determine its own marking or grading practices, the SRBA has jurisdiction to deal with allegations of gross unfairness, bias, or inaccuracy in these practices.  This form of relief does not extend to the re-evaluation of the work submitted.)

Not all types of relief are suitable for any given appeal.  For example, in the absence of an adequate permanent record of the student's work, the only form of relief that might be appropriate would be allowing the opportunity for reassessment.

The onus is on the student to satisfy the SRBA that there exists sufficient medical or compassionate grounds or extenuating circumstances to warrant waiving a Senate regulation or ruling of a Dean.  Medical or compassionate grounds require evidence.

In the case of an appeal on a particular piece of work, the student must raise a reasonable doubt as to the accuracy or fairness of the grade or final standing in question before the SRBA will institute procedures to secure an independent assessment, in which case the piece of work in question (examination paper, essay, etc.) will be sent to the assessor for recommendation.

Where the student appeals for relief against the penalty imposed by the Faculty as a result of a "scholastic offence", the onus is on the student to satisfy the SRBA that the penalty imposed is too harsh in the circumstances of the particular case.

In cases where a Faculty alleges that a student's conduct amounts to a "scholastic offence" and where the student denies either that the acts were committed or that the acts amounted to a "scholastic offence", the onus is on the Faculty to satisfy the SRBA that the student committed the alleged acts and that the acts amounted to a "scholastic offence".

SRBA may take jurisdiction to hear appeals from academic decisions by Deans, provided that the appellant has followed the appeal procedures set out above. SRBA is the final level of academic appeal in the University, and its decisions in substantive matters are final.  The Chair of Senate (i.e., the President & Vice-Chancellor) will entertain only appeals of a procedural nature against decisions of SRBA.  In matters of academic appeal, the right to legal counsel will be accorded only at the level of SRBA.  However, a student may be accompanied to a meeting or hearing by a colleague who is a graduate student of the same division.

Appeals to the SRBA must be made on an Application for Hearing form which must be filed with the Senate Secretariat within six weeks of the date of the Dean's decision.  Exceptions to the six week time limit for filing an appeal with the SRBA are at the discretion of the Chair of SRBA upon written application by the student. Applications for a hearing by the SRBA and further details on hearing procedures may be obtained from the Senate Secretariat, Stevenson Hall, StvH 4191. 

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For more information:

Graduate Orthodontics Program
Jacqueline Geneau
Secretary, Admissions
tel: (519) 661-2111 x86114


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