Schulich school of Medicine and Dentistry logo Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry

New retrospective study from faculty Dr. John Murkin and colleagues.

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Br J Anaesth. 2014 Sep;113(3):391-401. doi: 10.1093/bja/aeu099. Epub 2014 May 14.

Relationship between early postoperative C-reactive protein elevation and long-term postoperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a retrospective study.

Min JJ, Nam K, Kim TK, Seo JH, Hwang HY, Kim KB, Murkin JM, Hong DM, Jeon Y.

Abstract 

BACKGROUND:

Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of vascular occlusive diseases, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Additionally, these conditions are predicted by C-reactive protein (CRP), a general inflammation marker. We hypothesized that the inflammation induced by surgery itself augments vascular occlusive disease. We retrospectively evaluated the relationship between postoperative CRP elevation and postoperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB).

METHODS:

The electronic medical records of 1046 patients who underwent OPCAB were reviewed retrospectively. The relationship between postoperative serum CRP and long-term postoperative MACCE (median follow-up 28 months) was investigated.

RESULTS:

Patients were divided into quartiles according to maximum postoperative CRP levels (<18, 18-22, 22-27, ≥27 mg dl(-1)). The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 2.15, 2.45, and 2.81, respectively (P=0.004), compared with the lowest quartile (<18 mg dl(-1)). In the multivariate analysis, the postoperative CRP quartile (HR 2.81; P=0.004), postoperative non-use of statins (HR 1.86; P=0.003), and postoperative maximum troponin I (HR 1.02; P<0.001) independently predicted postoperative MACCE, while preoperative CRP did not (P=0.203). Several parameters were correlated with postoperative maximum CRP level: body temperature (P=0.001) and heart rate (P<0.001) at the end of surgery; intraoperative last lactate (P<0.001) and base excess (P<0.001); and red blood cell transfusion (P=0.019).

CONCLUSIONS:

Postoperative CRP elevation was associated with long-term postoperative MACCE in OPCAB patients. This was mitigated by postoperative statin medication. Furthermore, postoperative CRP elevation was associated with intraoperative parameters reflecting hypoperfusion and inflammation.

© Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia.

See the Article in PubMed