Lavi S, Abu-Romeh N, Wall S, Alemayehu M, Lavi R. Clin Cardiol. 2017 Jan 11. doi: 10.1002/clc.22668. [Epub ahead of print]
The clinical value of ischemic conditioning during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and mode of administration is controversial. Our aim was to assess the long-term effect of remote ischemic postconditioning among patients undergoing PCI. We randomized 360 patients undergoing PCI who presented with a negative troponin T at baseline into 3 groups: 2 groups received remote ischemic postconditioning (with ischemia applied to the arm in 1 group and to the thigh in the other group), and the third group acted as a control group. Remote ischemic postconditioning was applied during PCI immediately following stent deployment, by 3, 5-minute cycles of blood pressure cuff inflation to >200 mm Hg on the arm or thigh (20 mm Hg to the arm in the control), with 5-minute breaks between each cycle. There were no differences in baseline characteristics among the 3 groups. Periprocedural myocardial injury occurred in 33% (P = 0.64). After 1 year, there was no difference between groups in death (P = 0.91), myocardial infarction (P = 0.78), or repeat revascularization (P = 0.86). During 3 years of follow-up, there was no difference in death, myocardial infarction, and revascularization among the groups (P = 0.45). Remote ischemic postconditioning during PCI did not affect long-term cardiovascular outcome. A similar effect was obtained when remote ischemia was induced to the upper or lower limb. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00970827.